Part two of the Nordic series the North by the Sea features the actual life at sea. Åland’s contribution to the series shows professional fishermen trawling from a fishing boat. Since the dawn of time, fishing has been an important Åland industry.
Originally, small-scale fishing was mainly conducted for domestic consumption, but fishing for sale or exchange for principally cereals soon developed. Baltic herring long dominated fishing. In older times, pike and trout, which were mostly fished by seine and hoop net, were the most important types of fish in addition to Baltic herring. From the Middle Ages until Sweden restricted the import of live fish in the 1950s, they were delivered by well-boats and sold primarily in Stockholm.
Divided into 42 professional, 28 side line and 215 other types of fishermen, a total of 285 fishermen were registered in Åland in July 2011. A professional fisherman derives at least 30 % of his income from fishing whereas the minimum limit for a side line fisherman is 15 %. Other types of fishermen are people who derive less than 15 % of their income from fishing. Of the above, 5 to 10 were engaged in deep-sea fishing and the rest solely in coastal fishing.
Issue Date: 21.03.2012
Designer: Juha Pykäläinen
Printer: Cartor Security Printing
Process: 4-colour offset
Colours: 4-colour offset
Size: 72 x 29 mm